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Chinese Tutor: Joseph M. from Washington, DC

About Joseph M. from Washington, DC

Reading, History, Running, and Chinese experience – Tutor near Washington, DC

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Chinese Tutor Subject List

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American history, Chinese, English, European history, geography, government & politics, SAT reading, world history, writing

Chinese Tutor Details

  • Rate: $35
  • Travel Radius: 10
  • Washington, DC, 20057

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Chinese Mandarin Language Tutor

Mandarin was originally the language spoken by Chinese officials, most of whom came from Beijing. Their language was called guānyŭ (Official Language) in Chinese. The word Mandarin comes, via Portuguese, from the Sanskrit word mandari (commander). The Portuguese used the term to refer both to the Chinese people and their language. Mandarin is known as pŭtōnghuà (common language) or bĕijīnghuà (Beijing language) in China, guóyŭ (national language) in Taiwan, and huáyŭ (Chinese language) in Singapore and Malaysia. Today Mandarin is the main language of government, the media and education in China and Taiwan, and one of the four official languages in Singapore. There are approximately 870 million Mandarin speakers. Just over 53 percent of the population of China or 690 million people are able to speak Mandarin, according to the Xinhua news agency. In China’s cities, about 66 percent speak Mandarin, while only 45 percent speak it in the countryside. Around 70% of people between the ages of 15 and 29 speak the language, while only 30 percent of those over 60 can speak it. There ares at least a further 25 million or so Mandarin speakers elsewhere, especially in Taiwan (20 million) and Singapore (1.5 million), and also in Malaysia, Indonesia, Mongolia, Brunei, Thailand, the Philippines, Russia, the USA, Vietnam, Laos, UK and Mauritius. Written Chinese is based on spoken Mandarin and is known as hànyŭ or zhōngwén. Speakers of other varieties of Chinese have to learn the grammar and vocabulary of Mandarin in order to read and write in Chinese.

Chinese Cantonese Language Tutor

Cantonese is spoken by at least 71 million people mainly in the south east of China, particularly in Hong Kong, Macau, Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan. It is also spoken in Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Philippines and among Overseas Chinese communities in many other countries. In many schools in Hong Kong, Macau and Guangdong, Cantonese is the medium of instruction, though the students are taught to read and write standard Chinese, which they read with Cantonese pronunciation. Cantonese is also the main language of business, the media and government in both Hong Kong and Macau. Cantonese has appeared in writing since the 17th century. It is used mainly in personal correspondence, diaries, comics, poetry, advertising, popular newspapers, magazines and to some extent in literature. There are two standard ways of written Cantonese: a formal version and a colloquial version. The formal version is quite different from spoken Cantonese but very similiar to Standard Chinese and can be understood by Mandarin speakers without too much difficulty. The colloquial version is much closer to spoken Cantonese and largely unintelligible to Mandarin speakers. In Hong Kong, colloquial Cantonese is written with a mixture of standard Chinese characters and over a thousand extra characters invented specifically for Cantonese. The extra characters are included in the Hong Kong Supplementary Characters Set (HKSCS).

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